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Publication Details

Agricultural Mechanization Policies and Strategies in Africa: Case Studies from Commonwealth African Countries  

Size: A4 (297 mm x 210 mm)
ISSN:
Categories: Agriculture

ISBN No: 978-0-85092-372-8

Format: Paperback

Publication Date: 1991
Number of Pages: 314

Status: Out of print

Price: £ 5.50    [Currency converter]  


Description

In this publication sixteen leading African agricultural engineers present their views on the evolution of agricultural mechanization policies and strategies in Africa since the colonial times. Agricultural mechanization remains quite a controversial input in African agriculture in particular that of small holder farmers. Conflicting policy prescriptions have been given for the African agricultural mechanization problem by, among others, socio-economists, agricultural engineers and politicians from the academic and donor community as well as the national governments. The failure of the many Government sponsored tractorization projects initiated in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s has greatly contributed to this policy and strategy conundrum.

 

Agriculture in most African countries is still undertaken by using the centuries out handtool technology with entire reliance on human muscle power in about 60-90% of the cultivated land. Whereas, everybody agrees that this has to change, the main question has been on how the change should come about. Should African countries go through the evolutionary path – from handtool though animal powered to mechanically powered agricultural mechanization as it has happened in the developed countries. Or should they aim at skipping the intermediate stage – animal powered mechanization. The experience of seven African countries (Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Swaziland, Tanzania and Zambia) in agricultural mechanization policy formulation is presented in this volume. There are also chapters on the experiences of India and FAO as well as on tropical agriculture. This is the first book to present the full range of experiences in agricultural mechanization policy formulation in African. It is aimed both for development practitioners and policy makers as well as students of agriculture, agricultural engineering and economics.

Contents

List of Tables

Foreword

 

Chapter 1: An Overview of Agricultural Mechanization in the World G C Mrema

Chapter 2: Agricultural Mechanization Strategy Formulation: Procedures and Issues R C Gifford

Chapter 3: Agricultural Mechanization in Africa: An Overview of Main Issues R N Kaul

Chapter 4: A Review of Developments in Agricultural Mechanization in Botswana G C Mrema and C Patrick

Chapter 5: Agricultural Mechanization in Ghana: An Overview A Twum and O K Gyarteng

Chapter 6: Agricultural Mechanization Policies and Strategies in Kenya G Muchiri, C J Mbara and C O Mwanda

Chapter 7: Agricultural Mechanization Policies and Strategies in Nigeria G A Makanjuola, T O Abimbola and U G N Anazodo

Chapter 8: A Review of Agricultural Mechanization Strategies for Small Scale Farmers in Swaziland

Chapter 9: Agricultural Mechanization Policies and Strategies in Tanzania G C Mrema

Chapter 10: An Overview of Agricultural Mechanization Strategies in Zambia G M Silumesii and N G Musonda

Chapter 11: Adoption of Research Findings in Africa: The Nigerian Experience J Y Yayock and S M Misari

Chapter 12: Formulation and Implementation of Agricultural Mechanization Policies in India S M Misra

Chapter 13: Small Four-Wheel Tractors for the Tropics and Subtropics: Their Role in Agricultural Mechanization and Industrial Development R G Holtkamp

Chapter 14: Synthesis of the African Experience in Agricultural Mechanization G C Mrema

 

References

Abbreviations

About the Contributors